Japan Institute for National Fundamentals

Speaking out

Hiroshi Yuasa

【#658】Disease of Autocracy Covering up Inconvenient Truth

Hiroshi Yuasa / 2020.02.26 (Wed)

February 25, 2020

It may be natural for an authoritarian regime to cover up an inconvenient truth. For the reason of a column headline, China has expelled three correspondents of The Wall Street Journal. The action represents Beijing’s determination not to tolerate any news media commenting the expanding new coronavirus epidemic as indicating the limit of autocracy. The Chinese Communist Party has remained unchanged since it expelled reporters of three Japanese newspapers including The Sankei Shimbun in the Mao Zedong era a half century ago. The Communist Party still fears that foreign media organizations’ press freedom would threaten the survival of the party’s dictatorship. The Xi Jinping regime has brought China back to the dark period.

Beijing angered by description of China as “sick man of Asia”

Walter Russel Mead’s column titled “China is the Real Sick Man of Asia” on The Wall Street Journal on February 3 was not deemed remarkably critical of China among international media. Mead, a U.S. Hudson Institute scholar known for sharp comments on international issues, has regularly contributed to the U.S. newspaper. The column criticized China for its messy handling of the new coronavirus epidemic that has broken out in Wuhan and expanded beyond China, warning that the epidemic could lead to the Chinese economy’s meltdown. WSJ editors gave the column the title describing China as the “sick man of Asia.”

Before the Mead column, Minxin Pei, a professor at Claremont McKenna College in the United States, contributed an article titled “The Coronavirus Is a Disease of Chinese Autocracy” to an online publication, criticizing Wuhan authorities’ initial cover-up of the new coronavirus breakout as indicating a pathological secrecy. The Chinese Communist Party leadership might have sought to punish a foreign media scapegoat as an example for others.

Expelling of foreign correspondents brought China back to the Mao era

Chinese regimes have sporadically deprived foreign correspondents of press credentials, virtually expelling them. However, it was unusual even for China to expel foreign correspondents stationed in Beijing in retaliation for the column written by an outside contributor like Mead. The arbitrary expelling reminds us of what happened during the Cultural Revolution under Chairman Mao.

The Japanese correspondents, including Minoru Shibata of The Sankei Shimbun, were ordered by the Chinese Foreign Ministry to leave the country on September 10, 1967, for the reason that they ran counter to Chinese and Japanese peoples’ wish for friendship. Shibata carefully read wallposters placed by the Red Guards and reported that the Cultural Revolution essentially represented an ugly power struggle. The reason for the expelling also said that the correspondents proactively promoted then Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku Sato’s evil conduct against communism, indicating a retaliation for Sato’s meeting with Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek during his Taiwan visit from September 7 of the same year.

On the expelling of the WSJ reporters, China’s state-run Xinhua news agency condemned the Mead column as representing racism that was a worse enemy than an epidemic, arousing public opinion. It has been usual for the Chinese Communist Party to denounce foreigners and fuel nationalism in a bid to cover up a domestic policy gaffe. If China had press freedom, it would have been able to contain the new coronavirus epidemic. However, it may be unreasonable to demand press freedom in China that views media only as the Communist Party’s propaganda machine. The expansion of the epidemic may well be attributable to a disease of autocracy.

Hiroshi Yuasa is a Planning Committee member and a senior fellow at the Japan Institute for National Fundamentals. He is a columnist for the Sankei Shimbun newspaper.